19th century philosophical origins:
Taylorism, Comté, and Marey
first my observations took an abstract and generalizing turn. I looked at
the passengers in masses, and thought of them in their aggregate relations.
Soon, however, I descended to details, and regarded with minute interest
the innumerable varieties of figure, dress, air, gait, visage, and expression."
- Edgar Allan Poe, The Man of the Crowd (1840)
govern, means to foresee."
- French journalist Emile de Girardin (1853)
Lambert Quetelet and Alphonse Bertillion
Etienne Jules Marey and La Méthode Graphique (The Graphic Method)
Studies predating Taylorism
Images produced by Etienne Jules Marey (late 1800s)