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Selective annexation preserves majority power
"Hidden Spatial Inequality" Cedar Grove Institute for Sustainable Communities 2009

Selective annexation keeps Whites in power. This graph compares what the racial composition of ten North Carolina towns would have been if no annexation had happened between 1990 and 2000 (horizontal axis), with what it is after the annexation that actually happened (vertical axis). In eight of the ten cases the towns got whiter, in three of those cases annexation kept the towns from becoming majority-Black, and in only one case did the town become blacker (but it was still 'safely' majority-White).
Demography, municipal boundaries from US Census 19990 and 2000.