A BRIEF OUTLINE OF IRISH HISTORY

I.  6,000 B.C. (?) - 432 A.D.--Prehistoric Period

A.  6,000 B.C. - 600 B.C. -- Pre-Celtic period (Stone Age, Bronze Age)
B.  Approx. 600 B.C. - 150 B.C. -- Arrival of Celtic peoples and establishment of Celtic culture (Iron Age)
C.  Approx. 150 B.C. - 432 A.D. -- Celtic, pagan culture ("Heroic" Age)
II.  432 - 1170  --  Christian Celtic Culture
A.  432 - 793 -- Arrival of writing, St. Patrick, and Christianity--the Táin first transcribed
B.  793 - 1014 -- Scandinavian invasions and settlement
C.  1014 - 1170 -- Amalgamation of Scandinavian and Celtic
1170 -- "Strongbow" lands in Ireland
III.  1170 - 1922 -- English conquest and control of Ireland
A.  1170 - 1602-09  --  Loose, sporadic control, mainly confined to "the Pale"
1534 -- Henry VIII breaks with Roman Catholic Church
1570 -- Excommunication of Queen Elizabeth I
1602-09 -- Battle of Kinsale, Flight of the Earls, beginning of Ulster Plantation
B.  1609 - 1782 -- Growing English control, Cromwellian Settlement, Penal Laws
1641-49 -- English Civil War and Irish rebellion
1649-50 -- Cromwell's invasion, massacre of Drogheda
1685 -- James II (Catholic) crowned King of England
1688 -- William of Orange (Protestant) invades England; James II flees
1689 -- James II lands in Ireland; seige of Derry
1690 -- Battle of the Boyne
1695-1727 -- Period of the most severe Penal Laws
C.  1782 - 1800 -- Grattan's Parliament
1789 -- French Revolution begins
1791 -- Founding of the Society of United Irishmen
1793 -- Catholic Relief Act -- allows Catholics to vote for Parliament, but not to serve in Parliament
1798 -- "The Year of the French"; United Irish uprisings and French invasion defeated
D.  1800 - 1922 -- The Union
1800 -- Act of Union reincorporates Irish Parliament into English Parliament -- Ireland becomes part of the "United Kingdom"
1829 -- Catholic Emancipation Bill passed by English Parliament
1845-50 -- The Famine or Great Hunger (An Gorta Mor)
1879-82 -- The "Land War" -- Parnell dissolves Ladies Land League in 1882
1886 -- Gladstone's Home Rule bill defeated
1891 -- Parnell's death
1893 -- Gaelic League formed
1907 -- Sinn Féin League inaugurated
1913 -- Dublin Lock-out (labor dispute); Founding of Irish Citizen Army and Irish Volunteers
1916 -- The Easter Rising
1918 -- Sinn Féin wins general election
1919 -- Formation of Dáil Eireann (Irish Parliament); beginning of war of independence
1921 -- Truce between IRA and English forces; Anglo-Irish Treaty
E.  1922 - 1948 -- Irish Free State--Dominion status, gradual loosening of ties with England
1922-23 -- Irish civil war
1939 -- Irish Free State declares neutrality in World War II
F.  1948 - Present -- Irish Republic
1948 -- Republic of Ireland Act
1949 -- Éire formally declared a Republic on April 18
G. Northern Ireland -- Recent history
1966 -- UVF (Ulster Volunteer Force) founded
1967 -- Formation of Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA)
1968 -- Civil Rights marches begin; People's Democracy movement formed
1969 -- British troops arrive
1972 -- Bloody Sunday (January 20)--British troops kill 13 civilians during peaceful march; Stormont government abolished; British embassy in Dublin burned

1981-2 -- Hunger strikes in Long Kesh Prison ("The Maze"); ten die, including Bobby Sands

1998 -- Good Friday Agreement, signed April 10